The details below, of the “Mangles” – particularly the 1822 voyage – are supplemented by:-
(A) Mangles Indent 1822;
(B) Mangles 1822 Indent Alpha;
(C) Mangles Assignments on arrival and some later Ticket of Leave/Pardon facts; and
(D) Mangles Surgeon Superintendent and Captain’s Reports.
See also the late Valerie Thompson’s article – ‘MEN of MANGLES 1822’ which was published in ‘The Old Limerick Journal Vol 38.
1822 ‘Mangles’ Edmund Markham
- Ship 594t. Built Bengal 1802. J. Coghill Master. Matthew Anderson Surgeon. B & W drawing and colour photo of painting at Bedervale.
- Cork 21.6.1822 – Rio – Sydney 8.11.1822. 190 male prisoners. 1 died. 189 landed Sydney.
- Indent lists Edward (sic) Markham, Age 20, Convicted of ‘Offence under Insurrection Act’ at Special Sessions 1822,Co. Limerick (actually in Limerick City FCM), Seven years, Ploughman, Native place Co. Limerick. Assigned (along with Thomas Shaughnessy) on arrival to James Byrne of Appin. Reel AO2749, last item on the reel.
- Surgeon Superintendent Journal has no reference to Markham (or Shaughnessy, or Neville). Surgeon’s Journal AJCP reel 3202.
Other ships in 1822.
- In 1822, 15 convict ships arrived: 1 from Downs (to Hobart), 4 from Cork, 11 from England. 11 of the 15 came to Sydney, the other 4 turned around in Hobart, although a few of the Sydney ships came via Hobart.
- The Mangles made 9 trips to Australia. The only ship to make more trips was the Surrey, which made 11 trips. Mangles as follows:
* Hobart # 236 landed Norfolk Is after Sydney
++ Sixth fastest passage between 1821 and 1828
**Second fastest trip between 1821 and 1828 (by I day).
SOURCES of ‘Mangles’ Material:
(1) Substantial 3 page article re the MANGLES in “The Convict Ships” by Charles Bateson pp. 214 – 217;
(2) Log of Logs, Arrivals in NSW.
(3) Captain’s letter of receipt of the convicts . [Reel AO2424 in NLA and NSW Archives];
(4) Lord Lieutenant’s Indent Signed at His Majesty’s Castle, DUBLIN 19 June 1822. [Reel AO2749 in NSW Archives.];
(5) Ship’s Indent delivered in NSW. [COD 151 pp.203 – 216 in NSW ArchivesSurgeon Superintendent Report of the Journey. (AMD 101/47 PRO Reel 3202 in NLA.); and
(6) Check also “Convict transport to Australia.” 2 letters written en route and 4 from Sydney by Josiah Godber, prisoner. NL Manuscript 4199, NK7086. (Could be any one of the 15 convict ships of 1822.)
(7) Further to (C) above, ‘Mangles’ assignments in the Maitland area are also listed on the excellent ‘Free Settler or Felon?’ website.